Difference between revisions of "MIG Welder"

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  |Has ace=Wyatt Bertis;wbertis22@georgefox.edu
 
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Latest revision as of 09:57, 29 September 2022

Add description
The Millermatic 210

Make: Miller Electric

Model: Millermatic 210

Serial Number: LC520348

Ace: Wyatt Bertis (wbertis22@georgefox.edu).

Location: Welding Shop


Safety First

Safety First HD2.png
  • Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is electrically live whenever the output is on. The input power circuit and machine internal circuits are also live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the welding wire are electrically live.
  • Don’t weld lead, zinc, copper, cadmium, or beryllium or any coated metals. Welding these materials can be harmful if not equipped with proper safety gear and training.  
  • Don’t weld in wet gear or standing water because this could create a new path for the electrical current to travel and cause a severe electrical shock.
  • Always turn gas and the welder off when you are done in the welding shop to ensure there are no leaks that could cause asphyxiation (suffocating from lack of oxygen).
  • Never weld without a welding helmet. Arc rays from the welding process produce intense visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays that can burn eyes and skin. Be aware that sparks fly off from the weld.
  • Never weld without gloves. Gloves protect your hands from the heat as well as the arc rays. No bare skin should be exposed.
  • Don't weld with the vent hood off. Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your health. Asphyxiation can also occur due to the confined nature of the welding shop and the use of welding gasses.
  • Always weld with the door open to lower the risk of asphyxiation.
  • Don't weld with the gas off. This can damage the machine.
  • Don’t unscrew the regulator adjusting screw all the way out.
  • Please avoid touching the hot metal surrounding the weld, even if you are wearing welding gloves. You could get burned and the heat may damage the gloves.
  • Avoid stepping on or kinking the cable attached to the gun. This can interfere with the wire feeding system and cause permanent damage.
  • Never weld alone.

Description

The Millermatic 210 is a wire feed metal inert gas (MIG) welder that is meant for light industrial use. Metal inert gas is a welding process in which an electric arc forms between a consumable MIG wire electrode and the base metal, which heats the base metal, causing them to melt and join. Along with the wire electrode, a shielding gas feeds through the welding gun, which shields the process from contaminants in the air. This is the easiest and most common type of welding which makes it perfect for those learning to weld. It uses 72/25 CO2 and Argon gas mixture to shield the molten weld from oxygen. If the weld pool is exposed to oxygen, it can create a handful of problems such as porosity and excessive spatter in the bead. This welder is capable of welding carbon steel as well as stainless steel. Below is a short video explaining MIG welding. Before completing the training on this machine you must complete the Virtual Reality Welding Station training and spend some time practicing with it to get a feel for the welding process. The purpose of this wiki is to explain the operation of the Millermatic 210. Basic welding technique should be learned on the VR Welder.

Documentation

Terminology

  • MIG Welding - Metal inert gas is a welding process in which an electric arc forms between a consumable MIG wire electrode and the base metal, which heats the base metal, causing them to melt and join. Along with the wire electrode, a shielding gas feeds through the welding gun, which shields the process from contaminants in the air.
  • Gun - The piece that is held while welding and feeds the weld metal into the base metal.
  • Base Metal - The metal pieces that are being joined together.
  • Filler Metal - The material added to the weld from the weld spool.
  • Coupons - Small pieces of metal used to practice welding.
  • Contact Tip - The metal tube connected to the gun that guides the wire and transfers the current to the filler metal.

MIG Welder User Manual

Training

Note: Before completing training for the MIG Welder, you must first be trained and practice on the Virtual Reality Welding Station.

Operation

MIG welding may be the simplest welding method to learn, but that does not mean it is easy. First, it is important to wear the correct safety gear, i.e. closed shoes, pants, a welding coat, a welding helmet, and welding gloves, otherwise you will be burned by the UV light emitted by the welding arc (think of a really bad sunburn). You must also make sure the machine is set up properly. To do this, the gas cylinder valve should be opened all the way and the regulator adjusted to roughly 15 CFH. Depending on the material you are welding the voltage and wire feed speed will vary. You can find a settings chart located inside the cover of the welder. Secure your work pieces using clamps and magnets to hold them in position. Make sure to clamp the ground clamp to the work piece or the metal table near the welding position. If you clamp the ground to the table make sure the work piece has good contact with the table near the ground clamp. The most difficult piece is keeping the correct gun angle, keeping a consistent travel speed/pattern, and maintaining the correct distance from the work piece. If you have spent time on the welding simulator then the gun angle and travel speed/pattern should be simple to replicate. It is more difficult to visually reach the correct distance from the material but if the welder is making a nice sizzling (just like frying bacon) sound then it should be correct. If there is a lot of popping the the gun is too far away and if there is more of a bubbling sound then it is too close. When you have completed the welding process reset the space by putting away any scrap metal and putting everything back.

Demonstration

For the first part of the demonstration you will need to show how to setup the welder and perform safe operation. The second part of the demonstration will be performing a sample weld on a coupon. To start demonstrate how to weld several 1 inch weld lines a weld coupon and choose one of the following joints to weld: lap, butt, or Tee joint. These should be performed on the coupons found in the weld shop. See the image below to see the different types of welds.

Weld Types.png

General Procedure

Prior to Welding:

  1. Place the fume hood over the area you will be welding and make sure it is on. The power switch is located on the wall next to the door and light switch.
  2. Attach the ground clamp to the metal bench your work piece will be on. Ideally, place the ground clamp on the base metal itself to create the smoothest path for the electrical current.
  3. Ensure the work piece is touching the conductive surface of the table. This is critical if the clamp is not touching the base metal.
  4. Ensure the adjusting screw on the tank regulator is loose (Do not unscrew all the way).
  5. Slowly open cylinder valve all the way. Suddenly opening the valve could cause damage to the regulator.
  6. Slowly turn the regulator screw (clockwise) to increase pressure to 25 CFH. At first it will spin freely but you will begin to feel resistance as the pressure begins to increase on the leftmost pressure gauge.
  7. Identify the material type and thickness that you will be welding.
  8. Determine the wire feed rate and voltage to fit your material and wire size. To do this, refer to MIG welding chart for specified adjustments specific to your application. A welding chart is included below for reference and the same chart is mounted inside the cover of the welder. This chart also depends on the wire size which is usually 0.035".
    Welder Chart.jpg
  9. Turn on the welder and adjust wire speed and voltage to match the parameters layed out by the welding chart. Refer to the image below to see the controls for doing this.
    MIG Controls.png
  10. Ensure you are wearing all necessary protective gear. This should include closed shoes, pants, a welding coat, a welding helmet, and welding gloves. There should be no skin exposed to the welding arc or it will cause burns.
  11. Ensure the welding gun has proper amount of wire protruding from tip (about ¼ inch) and that the gun nozzle is clean of any debris. You can use pliers to scrape off any debris in the nozzle. If too long, trim excess with the welding pliers. If to short, pull the trigger while the gun is not in contact with anything and more wire will be fed out.

Perform a Weld:

  1. Set up the work pieces in your desired configuration. Magnets and metal clamps are helpful for doing this and can be found on the tray below the tabletop.
  2. Tack the pieces together in a few places by holding the gun at the proper angle and holding down the trigger for 2-3 seconds. Before pulling the trigger make sure to say "welding" to let everyone in the room know you are about to start. If you do not know the correct angle to hold the gun go practice some more on the Virtual Reality Welding Station until you are comfortable with the gun.
  3. Perform as many welds as needed. If you are doing everything right the noise should sound like sizzling bacon. Also, you may need to periodically trim the wire between welds to keep the correct distance from the work piece.

After Welding

  1. Close gas cylinder valve.
  2. Bleed any remaining gas by depressing trigger until regulator drops to 0. Make sure the gun is not in contact with anything while doing this.
  3. Back out adjusting screw on regulator (Do Not unscrew all the way).
  4. Turn off the welder.
  5. Carefully coil the gun and return it to the welder. Make sure it does not get kinked.
  6. Remove the ground clamp and clean up any scraps and slag from the work area.

Certification

Canvas Quiz

Troubleshooting

  • Wire feeds from the gun but welding doesn't occur - Check that the ground clamp has solid contact with the work piece and that there is solid contact with the table if the clamp is on the table.
  • The welding process is burning through the work piece - Double check the welding parameters chart to ensure the wire speed and voltage are correct.
  • Trouble starting the weld at the correct distance - Trim the wire to around 1/4" so that the gun can be closer to the work piece.
  • Inconsistent arc - Check that your workpiece is clean of thick mill scale. The contact tip may also need replacing, contact supervisor or tech.
  • Wire feeding at an erratic rate - Contact the supervisor or tech if you experience this issue.

Maintenance

General maintenance

Welding environments are often dirty so the Millermatic 210 holds up well to to dust by design and it is not critical to have it squeaky clean as a result. However, it is still recommended to wipe down the machine on occasion to prevent an excess of dirt buildup. It is important to clean slag buildup from the nozzle of the gun to increase its longevity and to inspect/repair the weld cable. To clean the nozzle, twist it off and then scrape away any slag with a pair of pliers. At this point you can apply a light coat of nozzle gel to the end of the nozzle to help prevent slag from sticking (this is found on the table to the left of the welder). Another routine maintenance procedure is the lubrication of the drive motor so that the wire feed system will keep functioning properly. For details on doing this refer to the user manual.

Specific Maintenance Tasks

Maintenance Procedure Frequency Done By Last Completed
Clean slag from the gun nozzle As needed Student N/A
Inspect/Repair cracked weld cables Every 3 months Ace
Clean and tighten weld terminals Every 3 months Ace
Blow out or vacuum inside of welder Every 6 months Ace
Remove drive roll and carrier and lubricate Every 6 months Ace
Replace contact tip As needed Ace