Difference between revisions of "Wood Lathe"

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  |Has certification=https://georgefox.instructure.com/courses/1190
  |Has make=Nova
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  |Has make=TeknaTool
  |Has model=Galaxi DVR 1644
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  |Has model=Nova Galaxi DVR  
  |Has ace=Josh Young;youngj17@georgefox.edu
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|Has serial number=GL5663547
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  |Has ace=Needed;Makerhub@georgefox.edu
 
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Ace: {{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has name}} ({{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has email address}}).
 
Ace: {{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has name}} ({{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has email address}}).
  
 
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__TOC__
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
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There are a wide variety of projects that can be done on the wood lathe, some easier than others, and all requiring a different need for skills and tools. This makes it hard sometimes to provide a common set of instructions, however, there some general safety rules and instructions for use that are used in any project on the lathe. The lathe can be fun to work with, but always remember, safety first.
 
There are a wide variety of projects that can be done on the wood lathe, some easier than others, and all requiring a different need for skills and tools. This makes it hard sometimes to provide a common set of instructions, however, there some general safety rules and instructions for use that are used in any project on the lathe. The lathe can be fun to work with, but always remember, safety first.
  
{{#evu:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3FmORZVfm4}}
+
{{#evu:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLuwcKNbtq8}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{#evu:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kunZIzNNxUY}}
 +
 
 
==Documentation==
 
==Documentation==
  
 
====Terminology====
 
====Terminology====
  
Spindle: The spinning part
+
* Spindle: The spinning portion in the drive head that rotates the work piece.
 +
 
 +
* Chisel: The hand held cutting tool used to remove material.
 +
 
 +
* Tool Rest - A bar used to support the cutting tool while removing material.
  
Chisel: The cutting tool
+
* Spur Center - A piece of steel that connects the drive spindle to the work piece.
  
Tool Rest: The bar to help hold the tool in place
+
* Live Center - A support piece that connects the work piece to the tail stock. The work piece is captured between the drive center and live center.
  
[https://www.teknatool.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/566-Galaxi-DVR-1644-manual_FINAL-Remote-II_23.July_.2018.pdf User Manual]
+
[[Media:566-Galaxi-DVR-1644-manual FINAL-Remote-II 23.July .2018.pdf|Wood Lathe User Manual]]
  
 
==Training==
 
==Training==
====Overview====
+
====Operation====
 +
 
 +
The wood lathe is similar to the metal lathe in the Machine Shop. It can spin material at various speeds and allows the user to create cuts and round shapes. Unlike the metal lathe, there is not a built in tool holder. On the wood lathe, a turner will instead use a hand held chisel to carve away the wood. For most projects, the material on the wood lathe is held using two centers, one on each side of the work. The head stock side of the material is the driven side. When installing the spur center in hard wood you will need to saw two diagonal cuts and drill the center hole.  If working with soft wood you can use a punch to locate the center and use a mallet to drive the spur center into the work piece.  You will need to use the following chart for setting the correct turning speed.
  
Insert Text
+
 
 +
[[File:Turning Speeds.JPG|600px|thumb|none]]
  
 
====Demonstration====
 
====Demonstration====
  
Insert text
+
Demonstrate you can safely setup the lathe and make a snowman ornament out of wood! The goal is to shape the wood into 3 spheres that look like a snowman, no additional accessories like carrot noses and top hats are necessary.
  
 
====General Procedure====
 
====General Procedure====
# Get your stock at whatever size you need for your project, and make it square stock so that all sides are the same size.
+
# Select the stock size you need for your project and make it square using the table saw if needed. If the material is squared up it should run true on the lathe.  
# Mark the center of both ends and use a punch to indent on the middle of both ends. This helps the lathe to spin it at its center.
+
# Mark the center of both ends using a pencil and straight edge. Use a punch to indent both ends at the center marks. This will help locate the tooling and keep the part running true.[[File:...woodLathe1.png|300x300px|thumb|none]]
# Make sure to use the two point centers on the lathe.
+
# Make sure to use the two point centers on the lathe and ensure the motor head is tight on the rails. If the tail stock or head is loose the work piece could fly out of the machine.
# Ensure the motor head is tight on the rails. It would be very unfortunate to have your piece fly off
+
# Move the tail stock away from the head stock to provide clearance for the wood stock to fit between the head and tail stock. Lock the tail stock and use the center punch mark to line up the live center and spur center.
# Move the end head to a distance longer than your stock.
+
# As you Spin the handle on the tail stock the distance between the two centers will be reduced and capture the material. Keep the center punch marks lined up with the points on the centers until it pinches the work piece.  
# Place one end of the stock on the motor head center, lining up the punch hole with the center point.
+
# When the spur center is engaged into the material lock the quill using the red handle handle located on top of the tail stock. Now your piece is secured![[File:...woodLathe2.png|none|thumb]]
# Spin the handle on the back of the end head until the other center lines up with the punch hole on the other side of your stock.
+
# The tool rest should be placed roughly 1/4"or less from the stock.[[File:...woodLathe3.png|none|thumb]]
# Rotate the handle and extra couple turns to push the stock into the motor head center.
+
# The tool rest should be at a height so that the tool on top of the rest will be cutting at the middle of the stock.
# Turn the red handle to hold the spindle in place.
+
# Always rotate the spindle by hand prior to applying power. This will help prevent crashing the work piece into the tool rest.
# Turn on the machine with the red switch on the side of the motor head.
+
# Turn on the machine power switch located on the left end of the machine.
# The metal tool rest should be a a height so that the tool on top of the rest will be cutting at the middle of the stock.
+
# Check the speed indicated on the display prior to pressing the green "ON" button. Use the speed chart for settings. Its always better to start at a slow speed and adjust as needed.  
# The tool rest should be placed as close to the stock as possible where the stock can still spin freely without hitting the tool rest.
+
# Adjust the spindle speed as needed using the black knob.
# Start the spindle at about 750 rpm.
+
# Use the gouge to slowly begin chipping away the wood. Make sure the chisel is pressed firmly onto the tool rest and you are holding the handle tight into your core.
# Use the gouge to slowly begin chipping away the wood. Make sure the chisel to pressed firmly into the tool rest and you are holding the bottom of the handle tight into your core.
+
# Slowly push the chisel into the material until it begins chipping at the wood.
# Slowly push the chisel up until it begins chipping at the wood.
+
# Start cutting down the high parts of the material or towards the middle if it’s all even. Move the chisel towards the end, chipping away little bits of wood at a time.
# Start the the high parts of the piece or towards the middle if it’s all even, and move the chisel towards the end, chipping away little bits of wood at a time.
 
 
# Smooth out the wood, chipping away until you make a cylinder.
 
# Smooth out the wood, chipping away until you make a cylinder.
# Once you have the cylinder, choose one side to be the head.
+
# Once you have the cylinder, choose one end to be the head.
 
# Gradually narrow down to a cone shape, then cut away material to make the three spheres of the snowman’s body.
 
# Gradually narrow down to a cone shape, then cut away material to make the three spheres of the snowman’s body.
 
# After the shape is done, sand the piece, progressively finer grit until smooth.
 
# After the shape is done, sand the piece, progressively finer grit until smooth.
 
# Take the piece off, cut any remaining material and sand the mount points smooth.
 
# Take the piece off, cut any remaining material and sand the mount points smooth.
# Yay, done.
+
# Reset the space.
  
 
==Safety==
 
==Safety==
Insert text
+
*Don't wear anything that could get caught in the lathe. An example of items would be bracelets, lanyards, hair below the shoulders, etc.
 +
 
 +
*If you have questions make sure to ask a supervisor. The shop supervisors are skilled and are glad to give advice.
 +
 
 +
*The most common issue with safety is digging the chisel in too hard. If it is dug in too hard, it can get caught and cause a dangerous situation.
 +
*When sanding make sure to remove the tool rest. This will eliminate a possible pinch point.
  
 
==Certification==
 
==Certification==
  
Foxtale Quiz
+
[https://georgefox.instructure.com/courses/1190 Canvas Quiz]
  
 
==Troubleshooting==
 
==Troubleshooting==
 +
If the lathe is sounding funny, tell the shop volunteer/supervisor so we can get that checked out.
 +
 +
If you feel like you're losing grip on the chisel while shaving it down, chances are that you are digging in too hard. Lighten up a little, and be patient.
 +
 +
If it doesn't seem to be cutting well, first check the tool's sharpness before digging in deeper. If the tool is not sharp, notify the shop volunteer/supervisor and grab another chisel that is sharp.
  
 
==Maintenance==
 
==Maintenance==
 
====General maintenance====
 
====General maintenance====
  
Insert text
+
The wood lathe has few items that need to be maintained by the student or the Ace. Refer to the table below to see each procedure, how often it should occur, and the the last completion of the specific task.
  
 
====Specific Maintenance Tasks====
 
====Specific Maintenance Tasks====
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!Done By
 
!Done By
 
|-
 
|-
|Sample
+
|General Cleaning, vacuum shavings and dust
|Sample
+
|Before and after each use
|Sample
+
|Student
 +
|-
 +
|Check tightness of bolts, lubricate with 1 or 2 drops of lightweight oil on tailstock quill threads, index pin, and Toolslide camshaft and Toolslide front camshaft bore
 +
|Monthly
 +
|Ace
 +
|-
 +
|Lubricate tailstock Slot with 1 or 2 drops of lightweight oil
 +
|Every 6 Months
 +
|Ace
 
|}
 
|}
 
The current Ace of the {{PAGENAME}} is '''{{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has name}}''' ({{#show: {{PAGENAME}} |?Has ace.Has email address}}).<br />
 
__TOC__
 
 
== Documentation ==
 
 
== Training ==
 
 
The wood lathe is a machine very similar to the metal lathe in the machine shop. It spins a piece of stock at a variable speed, and lets the turner create round objects. Unlike the metal lathe, there is not a cutter secured to the machine that is moved into place to cut. On the wood lathe, a turner will instead use long handled chisels to carve away the wood. Another difference is that for most projects, the wood is not clamped down in a found vise like the machining lathe, instead, two free-spinning center points on each side of the piece clamp the wood between them and hold it centered.
 
 
There are a wide variety of projects that can be done on the wood lathe, some easier than others, and all requiring a different need for skills and tools. This makes it hard sometimes to provide a common set of instructions, however, there some general safety rules and instructions for use that are used in any project on the lathe. The lathe can be fun to work with, but always remember, safety first.
 

Revision as of 16:30, 26 April 2022

Wood Lathe.png
Wood Lathe Photo.jpg

Make: TeknaTool

Model: Nova Galaxi DVR

Serial Number: GL5663547

Ace: Needed (Makerhub@georgefox.edu).

Location: Wood Shop


Description

The wood lathe is a machine very similar to the metal lathe in the machine shop. It spins a piece of stock at a variable speed, and lets the turner create round objects. Unlike the metal lathe, there is not a cutter secured to the machine that is moved into place to cut. On the wood lathe, a turner will instead use long handled chisels to carve away the wood. Another difference is that for most projects, the wood is not clamped down in a found vise like the machining lathe, instead, two free-spinning center points on each side of the piece clamp the wood between them and hold it centered.

There are a wide variety of projects that can be done on the wood lathe, some easier than others, and all requiring a different need for skills and tools. This makes it hard sometimes to provide a common set of instructions, however, there some general safety rules and instructions for use that are used in any project on the lathe. The lathe can be fun to work with, but always remember, safety first.


Documentation

Terminology

  • Spindle: The spinning portion in the drive head that rotates the work piece.
  • Chisel: The hand held cutting tool used to remove material.
  • Tool Rest - A bar used to support the cutting tool while removing material.
  • Spur Center - A piece of steel that connects the drive spindle to the work piece.
  • Live Center - A support piece that connects the work piece to the tail stock. The work piece is captured between the drive center and live center.

Wood Lathe User Manual

Training

Operation

The wood lathe is similar to the metal lathe in the Machine Shop. It can spin material at various speeds and allows the user to create cuts and round shapes. Unlike the metal lathe, there is not a built in tool holder. On the wood lathe, a turner will instead use a hand held chisel to carve away the wood. For most projects, the material on the wood lathe is held using two centers, one on each side of the work. The head stock side of the material is the driven side. When installing the spur center in hard wood you will need to saw two diagonal cuts and drill the center hole. If working with soft wood you can use a punch to locate the center and use a mallet to drive the spur center into the work piece. You will need to use the following chart for setting the correct turning speed.


Turning Speeds.JPG

Demonstration

Demonstrate you can safely setup the lathe and make a snowman ornament out of wood! The goal is to shape the wood into 3 spheres that look like a snowman, no additional accessories like carrot noses and top hats are necessary.

General Procedure

  1. Select the stock size you need for your project and make it square using the table saw if needed. If the material is squared up it should run true on the lathe.
  2. Mark the center of both ends using a pencil and straight edge. Use a punch to indent both ends at the center marks. This will help locate the tooling and keep the part running true.
    ...woodLathe1.png
  3. Make sure to use the two point centers on the lathe and ensure the motor head is tight on the rails. If the tail stock or head is loose the work piece could fly out of the machine.
  4. Move the tail stock away from the head stock to provide clearance for the wood stock to fit between the head and tail stock. Lock the tail stock and use the center punch mark to line up the live center and spur center.
  5. As you Spin the handle on the tail stock the distance between the two centers will be reduced and capture the material. Keep the center punch marks lined up with the points on the centers until it pinches the work piece.
  6. When the spur center is engaged into the material lock the quill using the red handle handle located on top of the tail stock. Now your piece is secured!
    ...woodLathe2.png
  7. The tool rest should be placed roughly 1/4"or less from the stock.
    ...woodLathe3.png
  8. The tool rest should be at a height so that the tool on top of the rest will be cutting at the middle of the stock.
  9. Always rotate the spindle by hand prior to applying power. This will help prevent crashing the work piece into the tool rest.
  10. Turn on the machine power switch located on the left end of the machine.
  11. Check the speed indicated on the display prior to pressing the green "ON" button. Use the speed chart for settings. Its always better to start at a slow speed and adjust as needed.
  12. Adjust the spindle speed as needed using the black knob.
  13. Use the gouge to slowly begin chipping away the wood. Make sure the chisel is pressed firmly onto the tool rest and you are holding the handle tight into your core.
  14. Slowly push the chisel into the material until it begins chipping at the wood.
  15. Start cutting down the high parts of the material or towards the middle if it’s all even. Move the chisel towards the end, chipping away little bits of wood at a time.
  16. Smooth out the wood, chipping away until you make a cylinder.
  17. Once you have the cylinder, choose one end to be the head.
  18. Gradually narrow down to a cone shape, then cut away material to make the three spheres of the snowman’s body.
  19. After the shape is done, sand the piece, progressively finer grit until smooth.
  20. Take the piece off, cut any remaining material and sand the mount points smooth.
  21. Reset the space.

Safety

  • Don't wear anything that could get caught in the lathe. An example of items would be bracelets, lanyards, hair below the shoulders, etc.
  • If you have questions make sure to ask a supervisor. The shop supervisors are skilled and are glad to give advice.
  • The most common issue with safety is digging the chisel in too hard. If it is dug in too hard, it can get caught and cause a dangerous situation.
  • When sanding make sure to remove the tool rest. This will eliminate a possible pinch point.

Certification

Canvas Quiz

Troubleshooting

If the lathe is sounding funny, tell the shop volunteer/supervisor so we can get that checked out.

If you feel like you're losing grip on the chisel while shaving it down, chances are that you are digging in too hard. Lighten up a little, and be patient.

If it doesn't seem to be cutting well, first check the tool's sharpness before digging in deeper. If the tool is not sharp, notify the shop volunteer/supervisor and grab another chisel that is sharp.

Maintenance

General maintenance

The wood lathe has few items that need to be maintained by the student or the Ace. Refer to the table below to see each procedure, how often it should occur, and the the last completion of the specific task.

Specific Maintenance Tasks

Maintenance Procedure Frequency Done By
General Cleaning, vacuum shavings and dust Before and after each use Student
Check tightness of bolts, lubricate with 1 or 2 drops of lightweight oil on tailstock quill threads, index pin, and Toolslide camshaft and Toolslide front camshaft bore Monthly Ace
Lubricate tailstock Slot with 1 or 2 drops of lightweight oil Every 6 Months Ace